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The Royal Palace of Caserta


In 1751 King Charles III of Bourbon commissioned the architect Luigi Vanvitelli to design a building that could compete with the grand residence of King Louis XIV at Versailles in France, choosing as place the plain between the ancient Roman city and Lombard and the new Caserta, and could give a worthy representation to the government headquarters in the capital to Naples, and his realm.

From project Vanvitelliano emerged a royal palace, which covered an area of 44,000 square meters and got up to 42 meters along a front of 250 meters, with 1,200 rooms lit by windows 1790 and a royal park, which stretched for 3 kilometers long on 120 hectares.

Today the Royal Palace of Caserta is a key step for tourists from all over the world. The sight of this beauty starts at the entrance with its gallery with three naves, the lower and upper hallway, staircase of honor, the Palatine Chapel, the royal apartments, the throne room.

Inside the splendid panorama of the park, the architecture refers both to the classic Italian style than the English.

The Italian garden is built with extensive lawns, flowerbeds team and a triumph of fountains that gush forth from the numerous fountains. The path of the water games begins from the Fountain of the canyon, also known as Dolphin waterfall because the jet of water rises from the throats of three giant dolphins. The Fountain of Aeolus and consists of a large basin in which it collects the water that falls from above. In Fountain Cecere Zampilliera or water jets are launched from two dolphins, four newts and the symbolic representation of two rivers, the center stands a statue of Cecere. From the Fountain of Venus and Adonis, the water descends in a water bath through a series of twelve rapide.Il path ends with the Bath of Diana and Actaeon, where the water goes down after a jump of 78 meters, water the Great Falls.

The garden, built by Maria Carolina of Austria, is rich in rare and exotic plants and is adorned with greenhouses, flower beds, groves and avenues which follow and emphasize the uneven shape of the territory.There are a small lake, the Bath of Venus, and, in typical romantic style, remains artificial and fake ruins, with statues from excavations of Pompeii. Caserta is fascinating not only for the Palace, is equally fascinating is Casertavecchia: the village was originally built on a pre-existing Roman village, over the years has undergone various dominations (Lombards, Saracens, Normans, Swabians, Aragonese and Bourbons) that such have left traces of their passage that makes this place sublime.



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