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Avellino

Avellino


Avellino is the basis of the tour of Campania, because it sits in a strategic location. In fact, in just over half an hour can be reached from areas including the plain of Salerno and the Amalfi Coast (and then the sea), to 1200 mt of Verteglia plateau green, and also from Naples you can reach an oasis of peace such as Acqua Fidia, in Mercogliano or solitary and relaxing Montevergine.

Irpinia, la provincia di Avelllino, Campania

Whoever is in contact with this province can not identify the main feature of nature, green in all seasons of the year and almost untouched, hence the name Green Irpinia.

The extension of the ancient “Hirpinia” goes  beyond the current provinces of Avellino and Benevento, lapping part of the territory of Lucania (Basilicata), Puglia and the province of Salerno.             Hirpinia reigned supreme the "Irpini" from the name of the animal, their teachings, revered in honor of the God Mars  “Hirpus “that in Oscan means wolf.


Avellino, in the years has not been exempt from the domination and the testimonies are clearly visible through historic buildings, monuments, archaeological digs, churches, shrines and museums.

Very interesting the seventeenth-century Palazzo Caracciolo (present site of the provincial administration), the Government Palace, the Palace De Peruta, that during the immediate post-earthquake of 1980 was the seat of the Municipal Palace, the Palace De Concilii, where child lived Victor Hugo, now the Palace of Culture, the National Boarding School Pietro Colletta, already "Royal College" Bourbon and former prison, now the seat of important cultural activities.

The Cathedral of the twelfth century, neoclassical facade and Corinthian columns with three portals, surmounted by the majestic Bell Tower, contains precious paintings from the '500 and '600, and a precious wooden choir '500; underground splendid Romanesque crypt with frescoes.

Not far from the Obelisk to Charles II of Spain, the baroque of the seventeenth century Clock Tower, built to plans by Cosimo Fanzago, and the façade of the Customs of medieval times.

To see, also, the Fountain of Bellerofronte seventeenth century, the Fountain Tecta ninth century, the Church of Costatinopoli the sixteenth century, the Conservatory of the Oblates and the remains of the castle that Lombard had such illustrious guests as Pope Innocent II, the emperors Lothario and Henry IV, Angevin and Aragonese rulers, writers and scholars.

Another visit is for the Provincial Library Scipione and Giulio Capone who is among the most important cultural institutions in Southern Italy. It preserves many valuable "sixteenth" rich manuscript and an outstanding newspaper library with magazines rare nineteenth Campania. In the same building which is surrounded by a beautiful park that was once one with the adjacent municipal gardens, there is the Museum Irpino which collects most of the provincial archaeological finds from the Early Neolithic to the Iron Age and the Bronze Age. Of great interest Xoana wood, made by unknown artists, among the rarest archaeological evidence dating from the sixth to fifth century BC, remarkably preserved because they are immersed in the sulphurous waters of the Val D'Ansanto, the "mephitis" which have mineralized wood to dry the organic.

Each country in the province of Avellino, from Montoro Inferiore in Savignano Irpino, has monuments and archaeological sites from the fifth century BC onwards.

 

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